Arthritis means joint inflammation. It consists of over 100 different conditions. The most common symptoms for all these conditions are joint and musculoskeletal pain, which is why they are considered to be forms of arthritis. A lot of the time the pain associated with arthritis is a result of inflammation of the joint lining. The warning signs that inflammation is present are redness, swelling, heat and pain. When the joint becomes inflamed it can prevent the normal use of the joint and therefore it can cause the loss of function of that joint.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is characterized by worn cartilage or tissue that pads the bones in a joint. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease and is the second most common form of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis attacks the lining of the joint which leads to arthritis. Gout is the most painful form of arthritis which is caused when crystals of uric acid form in the connective tissue or joint spaces. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, progressive, painful inflammatory rheumatic disease, which affects the spinal joints particular those at the base of the spine. Patients with arthritis take many pharmaceutical medications to deal with their pain but most have side effects or don’t help bring their pain to a manageable level. A lot of researchers have been looking into the uses of Marijuana for arthritis.
Marijuana’s oldest recorded use is relieving swelling and inflammation. New research exploring the cannabinoid receptor sites located throughout the body supports the historical references on treating inflammation with cannabis. Different cannabinoids found naturally in cannabis have different benefits for arthritis such as THC can help as a pain reliever and CBD is known to help with inflammation. CB2 receptors are found in unusually high levels in the joint tissue of arthritis patients. The use of cannabis is shown to fight inflammation in the joints by activating the pathways of the CB2 receptors.
Health Canada has approved a new study called CAPRI trail (cannabinoid profile investigation of vaporized cannabis in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee) Two Licensed producers of medical marijuana Aphria Inc, and the Peace Natural Projects contributed over $100,000 each to the Arthritis Society to fund the grant. Researchers hope to start the study by September 2016, and preliminary results will be collected by the end of 2016. Hopefully, with this all this new information coming out at the end of the year Marijuana will have more evidence that it can really help people who suffer from severe pain from arthritis.